Modellversuche zur chemischen Carcinogenese und zum photodynamischen Effekt von 3.4-Benzpyren und UV-Licht in wäßrigen Proteinlösungen mit verschiedener SH-Gruppenreaktivität

  • The carcinogenic hydrocarbon 3.4-benzopyrene is soluble in aqueous solutions of different proteins. The solubilities are easily determined by the fluorimetric method. The fluorescence o. the hydrocarbon in the protein solutions is not quenched by molecular oxygen. Nevertheless only in presence of air (oxygen) an irreversible decrease of the fluorescence intensity occurs under irradiation with UV-light of wavelength 366 mμ, which is considerably faster than under nitrogen or in solutions of the hydrocarbon in ethanol or aqueous caffeine. In the systems investigad, a correlation was found between the half-life period of the reaction and the SH-group activities. The participation of protein-SH-Groups in the 3.4-benzopyrene photoreaction is demonstrated by ampèrometric Ag⊕-titrations. The influence of protein denaturation and inhibiting additives on the photoreaction are investigated by the fluorimetric method. Irradiation- and oxygen-dependence of the reaction are analogous to the observations of photodynamic action and skin cancer induction by 3.4-benzopyrene. By 366 mµ irradiation of β-lactoglobuline solutions containing 3.4-benzopyrene the heatdenaturation characteristics of the protein are changed. The same changes are produced without 3.4-benzopyrene by UV-light of the wavelength 280 mµ. Treatment of the β-lactoglobuline solutions with an amount of cigarette smoke, which certainly does not contain 3.4-benzopyrene in sufficient concentration, acts in the same direction. Along with the changes in the protein properties the typical fluorescence of 3.4-benzopyrene vanishes. The hydrocarbon does not act as a catalyst in photodynamic action, but is chemically altered as well as the protein, at least in the system under investigation.

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Author:Günter Reske, Joachim StauffGND
Parent Title (German):Zeitschrift für Naturforschung, B
Publisher:Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung
Place of publication:Tübingen
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2014/06/02
Year of first Publication:1964
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/07/13
Page Number:11
First Page:716
Last Page:726
Institutes:Biochemie, Chemie und Pharmazie / Biochemie und Chemie
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 540 Chemie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell-Keine Bearbeitung 3.0