Impaired H19 lncRNA expression contributes to the compromised developmental angiogenesis in EVL-deficient mice

  • Endothelial tip cells are essential for VEGF-induced angiogenesis, but underlying mechanisms are elusive. Endothelial-specific deletion of EVL, a member of the mammalian Ena/VASP protein family, reduced the expression of the tip cell marker protein endothelial cell specific molecule-1 (Esm1) and compromised the radial sprouting of the vascular plexus in the postnatal mouse retina. The latter effects could at least partly be attributed to reduced VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) internalization and signaling but the underlying mechanisms(s) are not fully understood. In the present study, we revealed that the expression of the long non-coding RNA H19 was significantly reduced in endothelial cells from postnatal EVL-/- mice and in siRNA-transfected human endothelial cells under hypoxic conditions. H19 was recently shown to promote VEGF expression and bioavailability via Esm1 and hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α). Similar to EVL-/- mice, the radial outgrowth of the vascular plexus was significantly delayed in the postnatal retina of H19-/- mice. In summary, our data suggests that loss of EVL not only impairs VEGFR2 internalition and downstream signaling, but also impairs VEGF expression and bioavailability in the hypoxic retina via downregulation of lncRNA H19.

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Author:Joana Miriam ZinkGND, Timo FrömelGND, Reinier BoonORCiDGND, Ingrid FlemingORCiDGND, Peter M. BenzORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):bioRxiv
Document Type:Preprint
Date of Publication (online):2023/04/19
Date of first Publication:2023/04/19
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/09/04
Page Number:7
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International