Nuclear shock waves in heavy-ion collisions

  • It is shown that nuclear matter is compressed during the encounter of heavy ions. If the relative velocity of the nuclei is larger than the velocity of first sound in nuclear matter (compression sound for isospin T=0), nuclear shock waves occur. They lead to densities which are 3-5 times higher than the nuclear equilibrium density ρ0, depending on the energy of the nuclei. The implications of this phenomenon are discussed.

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Author:Werner ScheidGND, Hans Müller, Walter GreinerGND
Parent Title (German):Physical review letters
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2006/06/27
Year of first Publication:1974
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2006/06/27
Page Number:5
First Page:741
Last Page:745
Institutes:Physik / Physik
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 53 Physik / 530 Physik
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht