Credit in the Body of Christ (Northern France, 1300-1600)

  • This paper examines a practice that is nearly imperceptible to historians because the bulk of evidence for it is to be found in the interstices of the beaten paths of legal and social history and because it mixes economic and religious matters in a strikingly unfamiliar manner. From the thirteenth to the sixteenth century, excommunication for debt offered ordinary people an economical, efficacious enforcement mechanism for small-scale, daily, unwritten credit. At the same time, the practice offered holders of ecclesiastical jurisdiction an important opportunity to round out their incomes, particularly in the difficult fifteenth century. This transitional practice reveals a level of credit below that of the letters of change, annuities secured on real property, or written obligations beloved of economic historians and historians of banking. Studying the practice casts light on the transition from the face-to-face, local economies of the high Middle Ages to the regional economies of the early modern period, on how the Reformation shaped early modern regimes of credit, and on how the disappearance of ecclesiastical civil justice facilitated the emergence of early modern juridically sovereign territories.

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Author:Tyler Lange
Parent Title (German):LOEWE-Schwerpunkt "Außergerichtliche und gerichtliche Konfliktlösung" : Arbeitspapier = LOEWE research focus "Extrajudicial and judicial conflict resolution" : working paper ; 10
Series (Serial Number):LOEWE-Schwerpunkt "Außergerichtliche und gerichtliche Konfliktlösung" : Arbeitspapier = LOEWE research focus "Extrajudicial and judicial conflict resolution" : working paper (10)
Document Type:Working Paper
Date of Publication (online):2013/12/02
Date of first Publication:2013/12/02
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2013/12/03
Tag:Exkommunikation; Forum externum; Forum internum; Frühe Neuzeit; Geistliche Gerichtsbarkeit; Gläubiger; Kirche; Kredit; Nordfrankreich; Offizial; Pfarrer; Schuldner; Spätmittelalter
Church Courts; Early Modern Times; Judicial vicar; Late Middle Ages; Northern France; Parish priest; church; credit; creditor; debtor; excommunication; external forum; internal forum
Page Number:27
First Page:1
Last Page:27
Institutes:Wissenschaftliche Zentren und koordinierte Programme / LOEWE-Schwerpunkt Außergerichtliche und gerichtliche Konfliktlösung
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 34 Recht / 340 Recht
9 Geschichte und Geografie / 94 Geschichte Europas / 940 Geschichte Europas
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht