Induction of bronchial tolerance after 1 cycle of monophosphoryl-A-adjuvanted specific immunotherapy in children with grass pollen allergies

  • Purpose: Subcutaneous allergen-specific immunotherapy (SCIT) is a well-established and clinically effective method to treat allergic diseases, such as rhinitis and asthma. It remains unclear how soon after initiation of an ultra-short course of grass pollen immunotherapy adjuvanted with monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL)-specific bronchial tolerance can be induced. Methods: In a prospective study of 69 children double-sensitized to birch and grass pollens (51 males, average age 11.1 years), development of bronchial tolerance after 1 cycle of SCIT for grass was evaluated. In all the patients, the bronchial allergen provocation test (BAP) was performed before and after treatment. According to the results of the first BAP, the patients were divided into 2 groups: those showing a negative BAP with a decrease in FEV1 of <20% (seasonal allergic rhinitis [SAR] group, n=47); and those showing a positive BAP with a decrease in FEV1 of ≥20% (SAR with allergic asthma [SAR and Asthma] group, n=22). All the patients received MPL-adjuvanted, ultra-short course immunotherapy for birch, but only those with a positive BAP to grass received MPL-SCIT for grass. Results: After the pollen season, the BAP in the SAR group remained unchanged, while it was improved in the SAR and Asthma group (decrease in FEV1 of 28.8% vs 12.5%, P<0.01). The IgG4 levels increased after SCIT (median before SCIT 0.34 to 11.4 after SCIT), whereas the total and specific IgE levels remained unchanged. Conclusions: After 1 cycle of MPL-SCIT, specific bronchial tolerance may be significantly induced, whereas in patients without SCIT, bronchial hyperactivity may remain unchanged.

Download full text files

Export metadata

Metadaten
Author:Martin Rosewich, Katharina Girod, Stefan ZielenORCiDGND, Ralf Schubert, Johannes Schulze
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-422613
URL:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4773214
DOI:https://doi.org/10.4168/aair.2016.8.3.257
ISSN:2092-7363
ISSN:2092-7355
Pubmed Id:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26922936
Parent Title (English):Allergy, asthma & immunology research
Publisher:National Center for Biotechnology Information
Place of publication:Bethesda, MD
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2016/12/01
Date of first Publication:2016/01/22
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2016/12/01
Tag:Allergic asthma; bronchial allergen challenge; desensitization; immunologic; pollen allergy; tolerance
Volume:8
Issue:3
Page Number:7
First Page:257
Last Page:263
Note:
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
HeBIS-PPN:428668593
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0