The discovery of elements 107 to 112

  • In the 1960s, theoretical concepts prepared the path to nuclear matter with proton and neutron numbers far beyond the nuclei known at that time. The new laboratory GSI was founded for research on reactions with heavy ions, in particular those for production of the predicted super-heavy nuclei. In this contribution it is presented how the interaction between experiment and theory resulted in a continuous improvement of the experimental set-ups on the one hand, and of the knowledge of the processes during the nuclear reaction and of the properties of the produced nuclei on the other hand. In the course of this work six new elements from 107 to 112 were produced and identified. An overview of the present status of experimental results and a comparison with theoretical interpretations is given.

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Author:Sigurd HofmannGND
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-425117
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/201613106001
ISSN:2100-014X
Parent Title (German):EPJ Web of Conferences
Publisher:EDP Sciences
Place of publication:Les Ulis
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2016/12/20
Date of first Publication:2016/12/01
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Contributing Corporation:Nobel Symposium NS 160 – Chemistry and Physics of Heavy and Superheavy Elements
Release Date:2016/12/21
Volume:131
Issue:Article Number 06001
Page Number:13
Note:
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
HeBIS-PPN:397617119
Institutes:Physik / Physik
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 53 Physik / 530 Physik
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0