Functional changes in the dentate gyrus of wildtype and CAP23 transgenic mice following entorhinal denervation

  • After entorhinal deafferentiation of the hippocampal dentate gyrus a reinnervation of the denervated neurons by axon collaterals can be observed. This process takes place in a matter of weeks. However, the overall functional effect on the hippocampal network is still unclear. In an effort to investigate this effect of axonal sprouting on the neuronal network of the dentate gyrus we compared the electrophysiological response of the dentate gyrus after electric stimulation in wild-type mice (WT mice) with a normal post-lesion sprouting, with genetically modified mice with an overexpression of the growth-protein CAP23 (cytoskeleton-associated protein 23). CAP23 overexpressing mice (CAP23tg mice) are known to have an enhanced axonal growth and sprouting after lesion. The mice (both the WT as well as the CAP23tg mice) were deeply anesthetized and a lesion of the perforant path was induced stereotactically with a wire knife. After that the mice were permitted to survive for 4-6 weeks for partial reinnervation of the dentate gyrus before they were again operated and evoked potentials were measured (extracellular recordings of evoked potentials in the dentate gyrus). Non-lesioned litter-mate mice were taken as reference. The sprouting and the correct position of the electrodes was confirmed histologically. For electrophysiological investigation we assessed laminar profiles and calculated a current-source density (CSD). In lesioned CAP23tg mice compared to lesioned WT mice this CSD-analysis revealed a significant enhancement of the current sink in the area of deafferentiation (outer molecular layer) and a significant excitation in the granule-cell layer. Our results show that axonal sprouting seems to enhance the excitability of granule-cells. Thus, even if an enhanced axonal sprouting might accelerate the reinnervation of denervated dendrites after lesion, but it also leads to posttraumatic hyperexcitability of the neuronal network. In a therapeutic approach of fascilitating axonal sprouting this hyperexcitability has to be taken into consideration.

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Author:Mohammad Valeed Ahmed Sethi
Place of publication:Frankfurt am Main
Referee:Thomas Deller, Matthias Kieslich
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2018/03/29
Year of first Publication:2018
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Granting Institution:Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Date of final exam:2018/02/28
Release Date:2018/04/19
Page Number:84
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht