Targeting activated synovial fibroblasts in rheumatoid arthritis by peficitinib

  • Background: Synovial fibroblasts (SF) play a major role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and develop an aggressive phenotype destroying cartilage and bone, thus termed RASF. JAK inhibitors have shown to be an efficient therapeutic option in RA treatment, but less is known about the effect of JAK inhibitors on activated RASF. The aim of the study was to examine the effects of JAK inhibitors on activated RASF. Methods: Synovium of RA patients was obtained during knee replacement surgeries. Synoviocytes were isolated and pretreated with JAK inhibitors. Pro-inflammatory cytokines and matrix degrading proteinases were measured by ELISA in supernatant after stimulation with oncostatin M or IL-1β. The proliferation of RASF was measured by BrdU incorporation. Cell culture inserts were used to evaluate cell migration. For adhesion assays, RASF were seeded in culture plates. Then, plates were extensively shaken and adherent RASF quantified. Cell viability, cytotoxicity and apoptosis were measured using the ApoTox-Glo™ Triplex and the CellTox™ Green Cytotoxicity Assay. Results: Tofacitinib and baricitinib decreased the IL-6 release of RASF stimulated with oncostatin M. JAK inhibition attenuated the IL-6 release of IL-1β activated and with soluble IL-6 receptor treated RASF. In contrast, only peficitinib and filgotinib decreased the IL-6 release of RASF activated with IL-1β. Peficitinib decreased also the MMP-3, CXCL8, and CXCL1 release at 5 μM. Moreover, peficitinib was the only JAK inhibitor suppressing proliferation of activated RASF at 1 μM. Peficitinib further decreased the migration of RASF without being cytotoxic or pro-apoptotic and without altering cell adhesion. Conclusions: JAK inhibitors effectively suppress the inflammatory response induced by oncostatin M and by transsignaling of IL-6 in RASF. Only peficitinib modulated the IL-1β-induced response of RASF and their proliferation in vitro at concentrations close to reported Cmax values of well tolerated doses in vivo. In contrast to filgotinib, peficitinib also highly suppressed RASF migration showing the potential of peficitinib to target RASF.

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Author:Magnus Diller, Rebecca Hasseli, Marie-Lisa Hülser, Iris Aykara, Klaus Frommer, Stefan Rehart, Ulf Müller-LadnerGND, Elena Neumann
Pubmed Id:
Parent Title (English):Frontiers in immunology
Publisher:Frontiers Media
Place of publication:Lausanne
Contributor(s):David Fox
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2019
Date of first Publication:2019/03/26
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/05/13
Tag:rheumatoid arthritis
IL-1β; JAK inhibition; peficitinib; synovial fibroblast
Issue:Art. 541
Page Number:11
First Page:1
Last Page:11
Copyright © 2019 Diller, Hasseli, Hülser, Aykara, Frommer, Rehart, Müller-Ladner and Neumann. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0