Beneficial effects of ethanolic and hexanic rice bran extract on mitochondrial function in PC12 cells and the search for bioactive components

  • Mitochondria are involved in the aging processes that ultimately lead to neurodegeneration and the development of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). A healthy lifestyle, including a diet rich in antioxidants and polyphenols, represents one strategy to protect the brain and to prevent neurodegeneration. We recently reported that a stabilized hexanic rice bran extract (RBE) rich in vitamin E and polyphenols (but unsuitable for human consumption) has beneficial effects on mitochondrial function in vitro and in vivo (doi:10.1016/j.phrs.2013.06.008, 10.3233/JAD-132084). To enable the use of RBE as food additive, a stabilized ethanolic extract has been produced. Here, we compare the vitamin E profiles of both extracts and their effects on mitochondrial function (ATP concentrations, mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial respiration and mitochondrial biogenesis) in PC12 cells. We found that vitamin E contents and the effects of both RBE on mitochondrial function were similar. Furthermore, we aimed to identify components responsible for the mitochondria-protective effects of RBE, but could not achieve a conclusive result. α-Tocotrienol and possibly also γ-tocotrienol, α-tocopherol and δ-tocopherol might be involved, but hitherto unknown components of RBE or a synergistic effect of various components might also play a role in mediating RBE’s beneficial effects on mitochondrial function.

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Author:Stephanie Hagl, Dirk Berressem, Bastian Bruns, Nadine Sus, Jan Frank, Gunter P. Eckert
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-507335
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules200916524
ISSN:1420-3049
Pubmed Id:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26378512
Parent Title (English):Molecules
Publisher:MDPI
Place of publication:Basel
Contributor(s):Peter Koulen
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2015
Date of first Publication:2015/09/11
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/07/22
Tag:PC12 cells; aging; mitochondria; neurodegeneration; prevention; rice bran extract; tocopherol; tocotrienol; vitamin E
Volume:20
Issue:9
Page Number:16
First Page:16524
Last Page:16539
Note:
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
HeBIS-PPN:452224322
Institutes:Biochemie, Chemie und Pharmazie / Pharmazie
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0