Using a multi-proxy approach to detect and date a buried part of the hellenistic city wall of Ainos (nw Turkey)

  • Throughout mankind’s history, the need to secure and protect the home settlement was an essential one. This holds especially true for the city of Ainos (modern Enez) in Turkish Thrace. Due to its continuous settlement history since the 7th/6th century BC, several different types of city walls were built—sometimes even on top of each other—several of which have been preserved over time. To decipher the construction style, the course and the age of a buried city wall segment in the southern part of the former city, a geoscientific multi-proxy approach including magnetic gradiometer (MG) and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) measurements in combination with granulometrical, sedimentological and microfaunistical investigations on sediment cores was applied. We were able to (1) present reasonable arguments for its Hellenistic age; (2) reveal the course of this wall segment and extrapolate it further north into a less studied area; and (3) demonstrate that in this near-coastal area, the former swampy terrain had been consolidated for constructing the wall. Our multi-proxy approach serves as a valuable example for investigating buried structures in archaeological contexts, avoiding a less-economical, time-consuming, or even forbidden excavation.

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Author:Martin Seeliger, Anna Pint, Peter Frenzel, Paula K. Weisenseel, Ercan Erkul, Dennis Wilken, Tina Wunderlich, Sait Başaran, Heike Bücherl, Marina Herbrecht, Wolfgang Rabbel, Thomas Schmidts, Nina Szemkus, Helmut Brückner
Parent Title (English):Geosciences
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2018
Date of first Publication:2018/09/20
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/11/06
Tag:aegean; coastal geomorphology; electrical resistivity tomography; foraminifera; geophysical prospections; magnetic gradiometry; micropalaeontology
Issue:10, Art. 357
Page Number:17
First Page:1
Last Page:17
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Institutes:Geowissenschaften / Geographie / Geographie
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 55 Geowissenschaften, Geologie / 550 Geowissenschaften
9 Geschichte und Geografie / 93 Geschichte des Altertums (bis ca. 499), Archäologie / 930 Geschichte des Altertums bis ca. 499, Archäologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0