Einheit im Normativen : der Geist der Gesetze als Problem der Moderne

  • The «spirit of the laws» is, as a concept, an answer to a problem of the laws. Regarding modern law, this problem is about unity: How can the manyness of the laws be coherent in one legal order? In my paper, I reconstruct three different models which establish unity as relational (Montesquieu), absolute (Kelsen), and interruptive (Schmitt). The interruptive model connects an aspect of the first with an aspect of the second model insofar it conceives unity as heterogeneous (related to something different) and nonetheless immanent (a unity in itself). As such, unity has to be thought of as a process or an activity. Schmitt’s account of this activity, however, leads to problematic consequences because it separates the activity from the norms and denies the political and democratic dimension of the laws; as a result, the difference between law and violence vanishes. Against this background, I argue for a different understanding of the immanent heterogeneity of the unity (and accordingly of what is called «spirit of the laws»). In this perspective, the spirit of the laws does no longer appear as the solution for the problem of the laws, but becomes the starting point of their critical investigation.

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Author:Jonas HellerGND
Parent Title (Multiple languages):Studia philosophica : Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Philosophie
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2019/08/26
Date of first Publication:2019/08/26
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/04/08
Tag:Gesetz; Normativität; Rechtsphilosophie
Page Number:15
First Page:146
Last Page:160
Institutes:Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften / Philosophie
Exzellenzcluster / Exzellenzcluster Die Herausbildung normativer Ordnungen
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 10 Philosophie / 100 Philosophie und Psychologie
3 Sozialwissenschaften / 34 Recht / 340 Recht
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 4.0