Quantitative N-glycoproteome, phosphoproteome and ubiquitinome analyses for studying B-cell receptor signaling in B-cell lymphoma

  • Three types of post-translation modifications (PTMs) containing N-glycosylation, phosphorylation, ubiquitylation were characterized in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) on a global scale using quantitative mass spectrometry based proteomics technology in this study. DLBCL is the most common type of malignant lymphomas and has a heterogeneous gene expression profiling, phenotype and clinical response to chemotherapy. DLBCL is a good model for the correct classification of cancers into molecularly different subtypes, which benefits for the selection of rational therapeutic strategies. It resulted in two histologically indistinguishable subtypes-activated B-cell-like (ABC) subgroup and germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) subgroup according to gene expression profiling. Signals originating from the B-cell receptor (BCR), the key protein on the surface of B cells, promote growth and survival of DLBCL. Antigen-dependent/independent BCR signaling is found in DLBCL subtypes. Recent researches reveal that glycosylation plays role in human cells via site-specific regulation. Aberrant N-glycosylation in BCR-related effectors, such as, CD79a, immunoglobulin M or G (IgM or IgG), has been found to be associated with lymphoid malignancies. However, accurate quantification of intact glycopeptides and their individual glycan moieties in a cell-wide manner is still challenging. Here we established a site-specific quantitative N-glycoproteomics platform termed SugarQuant. It included a fast sample preparation workflow using Protein Aggregation Capture (PAC), an optimized multi-notch MS3 acquisition workflow (Glyco-SPS-MS3), a self-developed R-based tool (GlycoBinder). The robustness and accuracy of quantitation in SugarQuant were proved in a study using the different amounts of TMT-labelled IgM N-glycopeptides spiked into a background of TMT-labelled yeast peptides. Next, we used SugarQuant to identify and quantify more than 5000 unique glycoforms in Burkitt’s lymphoma cells treated with a series of doses of 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-L-fucose (2FF) and determine the more accurate site-specific glycosylation changes that occurred upon inhibition of fucosylation compared to using MS2 analysis. It revealed that 2FF-sensitive N-glycosylation on key players in BCR-mediated signaling in DG75. Furthermore, 2FF treatment also affects phosphorylation of the key players involving in B cell receptor signaling. Then we investigated the site-specific quantitative N-glycoproteome in the cell lines of DLBCL subtypes using SugarQuant. More than 7000 unique intact glycopeptides (glycoforms) were quantified in five ABC DLBCL and four GCB DLBCL cell lines. The glycoproteome mapping (intact glycopeptide expressions) in each cell line allows to segregate DLBCL subtypes. The majority of these glycoforms were from the key cell-surface BCR effectors, such as IgM, CD79 and PTPRC. Lastly, we investigated the change of fucosylated glycopeptides in TMD8 cell line upon knockout of the fucosyltransferase FUT8, which is responsible for core-fucose synthesis, and by the treatment with 2FF. The results revealed that FUT8 might also regulate the synthesis of sub/terminal fucose on glycan chain and the inhibition of fucosylation increased the sialyated glycopeptide expression. Phosphorylation is involved in regulating multiple processes as an important mediator in BCR signaling. Likewise, ubiquitylation plays vital roles in the activation of the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) pathway in BCR signaling. There are two vital upstream BCR-proximal tyrosine kinases, Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) and spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK), which regulate the auto-phosphorylation and phosphorylation of other proteins in BCR signaling pathway. Here we investigated the dynamics of downstream phosphorylation and ubiquitylation signaling in ABC DLBCL and GCB DLBCL cell lines upon the inhibitions of BTK and SYK using quantitative proteomics strategy. In the phosphoproteome analysis, a large dataset of quantified phosphorylation sites was obtained in the three ABC and four GCB DLBCL cell lines. BCR signaling in the subtypes of DLBCL cell lines was found to be highly individual in distinct cell lines. These significantly regulated phosphorylation events in each cell line with individual treatment were involved in multiple Reactome pathways, such as, M phase, signaling by Rho GTPases and diseases of signal transduction. Moreover, the gene regulation-related biological processes including chromosome organization and medication, DNA metabolic process, nuclear export, were involved in the DLBCL cell lines. In the ubiquitinome analysis, we identified more than 15,000 ubiquitylation sites in two ABC and one GCB cell lines upon the inhibition of BTK and SYK. The different ubiquitylation events observed in ABC and GCB subtypes revealed distinct BCR signaling pathways in two subtypes. The similar signaling perturbations across each cell line upon BTK and SYK inhibition, which were obtained from the significantly regulated ubiquitylated peptides expression, revealed the cell-type-specific concordance in ubiquitylation regulation upon BTK and SYK inhibition. These ubiquitylation modified proteins who bore the significantly regulated ubi-peptides in the samples were also found to be highly involved in gene regulatory processes. ...

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Author:Yanlong Ji
Referee:Volker DötschORCiDGND, Thomas OellerichORCiD
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2021/04/09
Year of first Publication:2020
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Granting Institution:Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Date of final exam:2021/03/24
Release Date:2021/05/21
Tag:B-cell lymphoma; N-glycoproteome; Phosphoproteome; Ubiquitinome
Page Number:157
Institutes:Biochemie, Chemie und Pharmazie
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht