The arabidopsis 2'-O-ribose-methylation and pseudouridylation landscape of rRNA in comparison to human and yeast

  • Eukaryotic ribosome assembly starts in the nucleolus, where the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) is transcribed into the 35S pre-ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA). More than two-hundred ribosome biogenesis factors (RBFs) and more than two-hundred small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNA) catalyze the processing, folding and modification of the rRNA in Arabidopsis thaliana. The initial pre-ribosomal 90S complex is formed already during transcription by association of ribosomal proteins (RPs) and RBFs. In addition, small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein particles (snoRNPs) composed of snoRNAs and RBFs catalyze the two major rRNA modification types, 2′-O-ribose-methylation and pseudouridylation. Besides these two modifications, rRNAs can also undergo base methylations and acetylation. However, the latter two modifications have not yet been systematically explored in plants. The snoRNAs of these snoRNPs serve as targeting factors to direct modifications to specific rRNA regions by antisense elements. Today, hundreds of different sites of modifications in the rRNA have been described for eukaryotic ribosomes in general. While our understanding of the general process of ribosome biogenesis has advanced rapidly, the diversities appearing during plant ribosome biogenesis is beginning to emerge. Today, more than two-hundred RBFs were identified by bioinformatics or biochemical approaches, including several plant specific factors. Similarly, more than two hundred snoRNA were predicted based on RNA sequencing experiments. Here, we discuss the predicted and verified rRNA modification sites and the corresponding identified snoRNAs on the example of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Our summary uncovers the plant modification sites in comparison to the human and yeast modification sites.
Author:Deniz Streit, Enrico SchleiffORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Frontiers in plant science : FPLS
Publisher:Frontiers Media
Place of publication:Lausanne
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/07/26
Date of first Publication:2021/07/26
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/08/03
Tag:2cpsdummy′-O-ribose-methylation; A. thaliana; pseudouridylation; rRNA; ribosome; snoRNA
Issue:art. 684626
Page Number:19
First Page:1
Last Page:19
Institutes:Biowissenschaften / Biowissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0