A fast and novel method for amide proton transfer-chemical exchange saturation transfer multislice imaging

  • Amide proton transfer-chemical exchange saturation transfer (APT-CEST) imaging provides important information for the diagnosis and monitoring of tumors. For such analysis, complete coverage of the brain is advantageous, especially when registration is performed with other magnetic resonance (MR) modalities, such as MR spectroscopy (MRS). However, the acquisition of Z-spectra across several slices via multislice imaging may be time-consuming. Therefore, in this paper, we present a new approach for fast multislice imaging, allowing us to acquire 16 slices per frequency offset within 8 s. The proposed fast CEST-EPI sequence employs a presaturation module, which drives the magnetization into the steady-state equilibrium for the first frequency offset. A second module, consisting of a single CEST pulse (for maintaining the steady-state) followed by an EPI acquisition, passes through a loop to acquire multiple slices and adjacent frequency offsets. Thus, the whole Z-spectrum can be recorded much faster than the conventional saturation scheme, which employs a presaturation for each single frequency offset. The validation of the CEST sequence parameters was performed by using the conventional saturation scheme. Subsequently, the proposed and a modified version of the conventional CEST sequence were compared in vitro on a phantom with different T1 times and in vivo on a brain tumor patient. No significant differences between both sequences could be found in vitro. The in vivo data yielded almost identical MTRasym contrasts for the white and gray matter as well as for tumor tissue. Our results show that the proposed fast CEST-EPI sequence allows for rapid data acquisition and provides similar CEST contrasts as the modified conventional scheme while reducing the scanning time by approximately 50%.
Author:Jan-Rüdiger Schüre, Ulrich Pilatus, Ralf Deichmann, Elke HattingenORCiDGND, Manoj Shrestha
Parent Title (English):NMR in biomedicine
Place of publication:New York, NY
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/05/04
Date of first Publication:2021/05/04
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2022/04/05
Tag:APT-CEST; CEST EPI; MTRasym; amide proton transfer; echo planar imaging; multislice imaging; pH
Issue:7, art. e4524
Page Number:12
First Page:1
Last Page:12
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 4.0