Novel in vitro and in silico tools for the development of mesoporous silica formulations with optimal precipitation inhibitors

  • Formulation scientists have developed a toolkit of strategies that can improve the solubility and subsequent bioavailability of poorly soluble candidates. Amorphous formulations are especially appealing due to the significant improvement in solubility the amorphous form can provide, but must be stabilized for effective performance (Timpe, 2007). 2. The Importance of Drug Polymer Interactions in Precipitation Inhibition Polymeric “precipitation inhibitors” have seen widespread usage in the literature (Warren, 2010). The precipitation inhibition effect of polymers on precipitations is related to interference with nucleation and crystal growth (Xu, 2013). Many techniques have been reported in the literature to predict these interactions, however, they are not suitable to screening due to API and time resources required, which are not amenable to early stage pharmaceutical development. 3. Mesoporous Silica: An Emerging Formulation Technology Mesoporous silicon dioxide has emerged in recent years as a new option for stabilizing the amorphous form. Upon impregnation of the silica with a concentrated drug solution, the drug can be molecularly adsorbed and locally and sterically confined, preventing recrystallization (Ditzinger, 2018). Upon administration of mesoporous silica formulations to the body the amorphous formulation generates supersaturation which must be stabilized using precipitation inhibitors (Guzman, 2007). 4. Co-incorporation: A New Method to Combine Precipitation Inhibitors with Mesoporous Silica There has been no systematic study of how best to incorporate precipitation inhibitors into mesoporous silica formulations. The current standard practice involves combining inhibitors in a physical mixture with the drug-loaded silica, either by pestle and mortar or overhead stirring. Due to the lack of a defined protocol, there is uncertainty about how reliably the precipitation inhibitor is combined with the drug-loaded silica on a batch to batch basis. In this work, a novel co-incorporated formulation of glibenclamide and the precipitation inhibitor, HPMCAS, onto mesoporous silica was described. By co-incorporating the precipitation inhibitor, the formulation significantly outperformed the commonly applied simple physical blend due to the formation of drug-polymer interactions in the solid state. 5. In Silico Pharmaceutics: A New Method to Select Precipitation Inhibitors for Mesoporous Silica An approach that can incorporate understanding of the drug-polymer interactions with a quick and efficient screening process would be very useful. The COnductor like Screening MOdel for Real Solvents (COSMO-RS) is a quantum mechanical theory, which can be used to derive thermodynamic properties of interest. (Klamt, 1993, 1995, 2003). We proposed excess mixing enthalpies of drug and polymer could be calculated using the COSMO-RS theory. This new approach was applied to screen precipitation inhibitors for three model compounds, all of which showed a strong positive correlation between the rank assigned based on the calculated free enthalpy of mixing and the overall formulation performance. 6. Conclusion This body of work aimed to improve the processes underpinning the design and development of mesoporous silica with precipitation inhibitors. Firstly, this involved two extensive literature reviews in the area of solubility enhancement formulation technologies and precipitation inhibition. Secondly, a mechanistic rational and experimental approach was developed to improve the formulation of precipitation inhibitors with mesoporous silica, the “co-incorporation” approach significantly improved process efficiency and formulation performance. Finally, combining insights from the aforementioned review, and learnings from the mechanistic analysis of the “co-incorporation” approach, an in silico screening protocol was developed to calculate the enthalpy of interaction between drug and polymer, to identify the most optimal precipitation inhibitor for a given formulation.

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Author:Daniel Joseph PriceORCiDGND
Place of publication:Frankfurt am Main
Referee:Jennifer B. DressmanGND
Advisor:Jennifer B. Dressman, Christoph Saal, Martin Kuentz, Anita Nair
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2021/04/28
Year of first Publication:2020
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Granting Institution:Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Date of final exam:2021/04/23
Release Date:2021/07/08
Page Number:286
Institutes:Biochemie, Chemie und Pharmazie
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 540 Chemie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht