Targeting diverse operational regimes in recurrent spiking networks

  • Neural computations emerge from recurrent neural circuits that comprise hundreds to a few thousand neurons. Continuous progress in connectomics, electrophysiology, and calcium imaging require tractable spiking network models that can consistently incorporate new information about the network structure and reproduce the recorded neural activity features. However, it is challenging to predict which spiking network connectivity configurations and neural properties can generate fundamental operational states and specific experimentally reported nonlinear cortical computations. Theoretical descriptions for the computational state of cortical spiking circuits are diverse, including the balanced state where excitatory and inhibitory inputs balance almost perfectly or the inhibition stabilized state (ISN) where the excitatory part of the circuit is unstable. It remains an open question whether these states can co-exist with experimentally reported nonlinear computations and whether they can be recovered in biologically realistic implementations of spiking networks. Here, we show how to identify spiking network connectivity patterns underlying diverse nonlinear computations such as XOR, bistability, inhibitory stabilization, supersaturation, and persistent activity. We established a mapping between the stabilized supralinear network (SSN) and spiking activity which allowed us to pinpoint the location in parameter space where these activity regimes occur. Notably, we found that biologically-sized spiking networks can have irregular asynchronous activity that does not require strong excitation-inhibition balance or large feedforward input and we showed that the dynamic firing rate trajectories in spiking networks can be precisely targeted without error-driven training algorithms.

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Author:Pierre EkelmansORCiD, Nataliya KraynyukovaORCiDGND, Tatjana TchumatchenkoORCiD
Parent Title (English):bioRxiv
Document Type:Preprint
Date of Publication (online):2022/04/22
Date of first Publication:2022/04/22
Publishing Institution:Universit├Ątsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/06/07
Page Number:24
Institutes:Wissenschaftliche Zentren und koordinierte Programme / Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS)
Angeschlossene und kooperierende Institutionen / MPI f├╝r Hirnforschung
Dewey Decimal Classification:0 Informatik, Informationswissenschaft, allgemeine Werke / 00 Informatik, Wissen, Systeme / 004 Datenverarbeitung; Informatik
5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International