Irreversible processes : between thermodynamics, biology, and semiotics of culture

  • The essay will focus on three of the "many faces of irreversibility", sketching a history of irreversibility in 20th-century Russian thought: The abstract irreversibility of time in physics, the 'embodied' irreversibility of biological evolution and, finally, the irreversibility of cultural processes. The first part will trace the history of irreversibility in 19th-century physics and biology. The second part will discuss Vladimir Vernadsky's theory of biological time as an attempt to synthesize physical and biological irreversible processes ('neobratimye protsessy') as phenomena of asymmetry in space-time. The third part will look at the migration of scientific ideas of irreversibility into the theory of culture, i.e., Juri Lotman's semiotic theory of irreversibility as unpredictable and unrepeatable processes of culture. In this three-step sketch, the history of irreversibility will be outlined as one of spatialization (from an abstract law to the image of 'time's arrow') and of specialization (from the law of entropy to the case of the generation of meaning).

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Author:Philipp KohlGND
Parent Title (German):Forum Interdisziplinäre Begriffsgeschichte
Publisher:Leibniz-Zentrum für Literatur- und Kulturforschung Berlin (ZfL)
Place of publication:Berlin
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2023/07/24
Year of first Publication:2023
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/08/01
GND Keyword:Irreversibilität; Irreversibler Prozess; Thermodynamik; Biologie; Kulturtheorie; Vernadskij, Vladimir Ivanovič; Lotman, Jurij Michajlovič
Page Number:10
First Page:43
Last Page:49
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 53 Physik / 530 Physik
5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
8 Literatur / 80 Literatur, Rhetorik, Literaturwissenschaft / 800 Literatur und Rhetorik
Sammlungen:CompaRe | Allgemeine und Vergleichende Literaturwissenschaft
CompaRe | Allgemeine und Vergleichende Literaturwissenschaft / Leibniz-Zentrum für Literatur- und Kulturforschung, Berlin
Zeitschriften / Jahresberichte:Forum Interdisziplinäre Begriffsgeschichte / Forum Interdisziplinäre Begriffsgeschichte. 12. Jahrgang [Heft] 1
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International