Identification of two proteins associated with mammalian ATP synthase

  • Bovine mitochondrial ATP synthase commonly is isolated as a monomeric complex that contains 16 protein subunits and the natural IF1 inhibitor protein in substoichiometric amounts. Alternatively ATP synthase can be isolated in dimeric and higher oligomeric states using digitonin for membrane solubilization and blue native or clear native electrophoresis for separation of the native mitochondrial complexes. Using blue native electrophoresis we could identify two ATP synthase-associated membrane proteins with masses smaller than 7 kDa and isoelectric points close to 10 that previously had been removed during purification. We show that in the mitochondrial membrane both proteins are almost quantitatively bound to ATP synthase. Both proteins had been identified earlier in a different context, but their association with ATP synthase was unknown. The first one had been named 6.8-kDa mitochondrial proteolipid because it can be isolated by chloroform/methanol extraction from mitochondrial membranes. The second one had been denoted as diabetes-associated protein in insulin-sensitive tissue (DAPIT), which may provide a clue for further functional and clinical investigations.

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Author:Björn MeyerGND, Ilka WittigORCiD, Elisabeth Trifilieff, Michael KarasGND, Hermann Schägger
Pubmed Id:
Parent Title (English):Molecular & Cellular Proteomics
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Publications
Place of publication:Bethesda, Md
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/01/04
Year of first Publication:2007
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/10/26
Page Number:10
First Page:1690
Last Page:1699
Institutes:Biochemie, Chemie und Pharmazie / Biochemie und Chemie
Exzellenzcluster / Exzellenzcluster Makromolekulare Komplexe
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International