Botanical therapeutics : phytochemical screening and biological assessment of chamomile, parsley and celery extracts against A375 human melanoma and dendritic cells

  • Chamomile, parsley, and celery represent major botanical sources of apigenin, a well-known flavone with chemopreventive properties. The aim of this study was to assess the phytochemical composition, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory potential of methanol extracts obtained from chamomile, parsley, and celery collected from Romania, as well as the biological activity against A375 human melanoma and human dendritic cells. Results have shown that all three extracts are rich in polyphenolic compounds and flavonoids, and they generate a radical scavenger capacity, iron chelation potential, as well as lipoxygenase inhibition capacity. Chamomile and celery extracts present weak antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic properties in the set experimental conditions, while parsley extract draws out significant pro-apoptotic potential against A375 human melanoma cells. Parsley and chamomile extracts affected the fibroblast-like morphology of the screened tumor cell line. On the other hand, chamomile and celery extracts abrogated the expansion of LPS-activated dendritic cells, while the metabolic activity was attenuated by stimulation with celery extract; chamomile and parsley extracts had no effect upon this parameter. Chamomile and parsley extracts incubation with naive dendritic cells did not trigger cytokine secretion (TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-10), but celery extract stimulation significantly reduced the anti-inflammatory, cytokine IL-10.

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Author:Corina Danciu, Istvan Zupko, Andrea Bor, Anja Schwiebs, Heinfried Hermann RadekeORCiDGND, Monica Hancianu, Oana Cioanca, Ersilia Alexa, Camelia Oprean, Florina Bojin, Codruta Soica, Virgil Paunescu, Cristina Adriana Dehelean
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-484881
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19113624
ISSN:1422-0067
ISSN:1661-6596
Pubmed Id:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30453564
Parent Title (English):International journal of molecular sciences
Publisher:Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2018
Date of first Publication:2018/11/16
Publishing Institution:Universit├Ątsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2018/12/13
Tag:A375 human melanoma cells; anti-inflammatory; antioxidant; celery; chamomile; dendritic cells; parsley
Volume:19
Issue:11, Art. 3624
Page Number:20
First Page:1
Last Page:20
Note:
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
HeBIS-PPN:446236063
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universit├Ątspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0