The World Federation of ADHD International Consensus Statement: 208 evidence-based conclusions about the disorder

  • Background: Misconceptions about ADHD stigmatize affected people, reduce credibility of providers, and prevent/delay treatment. To challenge misconceptions, we curated findings with strong evidence base. Methods: We reviewed studies with more than 2000 participants or meta-analyses from five or more studies or 2000 or more participants. We excluded meta-analyses that did not assess publication bias, except for meta-analyses of prevalence. For network meta-analyses we required comparison adjusted funnel plots. We excluded treatment studies with waiting-list or treatment as usual controls. From this literature, we extracted evidence-based assertions about the disorder. Results: We generated 208 empirically supported statements about ADHD. The status of the included statements as empirically supported is approved by 80 authors from 27 countries and 6 continents. The contents of the manuscript are endorsed by 366 people who have read this document and agree with its contents. Conclusions: Many findings in ADHD are supported by meta-analysis. These allow for firm statements about the nature, course, outcome causes, and treatments for disorders that are useful for reducing misconceptions and stigma.
Metadaten
Author:Stephen V. Faraone, Tobias BanaschewskiORCiDGND, David Coghill, Yi Zheng, Joseph Biederman, Mark A. Bellgrove, Jeffrey H. Newcorn, Martin Gignac, Nouf M. Al Saud, Iris Manor, Luis Augusto Rohde, Li Yang, Samuele Cortese, Doron Almagor, Mark A. Stein, Turki H. Albatti, Haya F. Aljoudi, Mohammed M.J. Alqahtani, Philip Asherson, Lukoye Atwoli, Sven Bölte, Jan K. BuitelaarORCiDGND, Cleo L. Crunelle, David Daley, Søren Dalsgaard, Manfred Döpfner, Stacey Espinet, Michael Fitzgerald, Barbara Franke, Manfred Gerlach, Jan Haavik, Catharina A. Hartman, Cynthia M. Hartung, Stephen P. Hinshaw, Pieter J. Hoekstra, Chris Hollis, Scott H. Kollins, Johanna Jacoba Sandra Kooij, Jonna Kuntsi, Henrik Larsson, Tingyu Li, Jing Liu, Eugene Merzon, Gregory Mattingly, Paulo Mattos, Suzanne McCarthy, Amori Yee Mikami, Brooke S.G. Molina, Joel T. Nigg, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Olayinka O. Omigbodun, Guilherme V. Polanczyk, Yehuda Pollak, Alison S. Poulton, Andreas ReifORCiDGND, Ravi Philip Rajkumar, Katya Rubia, Andrew Reding, Julia Rucklidge, Marcel Romanos, J. Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Arnt Schellekens, Anouk Scheres, Renata Schoeman, Julie B. Schweitzer, Henal Shah, Mary V. Solanto, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, César Soutullo, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, James M. Swanson, Anita Thapar, Gail Tripp, Geurt van de Glind, Wim van den Brink, Saskia van der Oord, Andre Venter, Benedetto Vitiello, Susanne Walitza, Yufeng Wang
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-630670
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.01.022
ISSN:1873-7528
Parent Title (English):Neuroscience & biobehavioral reviews
Publisher:Elsevier Science
Place of publication:Amsterdam [u.a.]
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2021/02/04
Date of first Publication:2021/02/04
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Contributing Corporation:CADDRA
Release Date:2022/03/03
Tag:ADHD; Brain; Course; Diagnosis; Genetics; Outcome; Treatment
Volume:128
Page Number:30
First Page:789
Last Page:818
HeBIS-PPN:492096899
Institutes:Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0