Increasing rates of NCCN high and very high-risk prostate cancer versus number of prostate biopsy cores

  • Background: Recently, an increase in the rates of high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) was reported. We tested whether the rates of and low, intermediate, high and very high-risk PCa changed over time. We also tested whether the number of prostate biopsy cores contributed to changes rates over time. Methods: Within the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database (2010–2015), annual rates of low, intermediate, high-risk according to traditional National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and high versus very high-risk PCa according to Johns Hopkins classification were tabulated without and with adjustment for the number of prostate biopsy cores. Results: In 119,574 eligible prostate cancer patients, the rates of NCCN low, intermediate, and high-risk PCa were, respectively, 29.7%, 47.8%, and 22.5%. Of high-risk patients, 39.6% and 60.4% fulfilled high and very high-risk criteria. Without adjustment for number of prostate biopsy cores, the estimated annual percentage changes (EAPC) for low, intermediate, high and very high-risk were respectively −5.5% (32.4%–24.9%, p < .01), +0.5% (47.6%–48.4%, p = .09), +4.1% (8.2%–9.9%, p < .01), and +8.9% (11.8%–16.9%, p < .01), between 2010 and 2015. After adjustment for number of prostate biopsy cores, differences in rates over time disappeared and ranged from 29.8%–29.7% for low risk, 47.9%–47.9% for intermediate risk, 8.9%–9.0% for high-risk, and 13.6%–13.6% for very high-risk PCa (all p > .05). Conclusions: The rates of high and very high-risk PCa are strongly associated with the number of prostate biopsy cores, that in turn may be driven by broader use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Author:Mike WenzelORCiDGND, Christoph WürnschimmelORCiD, Claudia C. Ruvolo, Luigi Nocera, Zhe Tian, Fred Saad, Alberto Briganti, Derya TilkiORCiDGND, Markus Graefen, Luis KluthORCiDGND, Philipp Mandel, Felix ChunORCiDGND, Pierre I. Karakiewicz
Parent Title (English):The prostate
Place of publication:New York, NY
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/06/29
Date of first Publication:2021/06/29
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2022/04/05
Tag:Gleason grade group; NCCN; intermediate risk; low risk; stage; very high risk
Page Number:8
First Page:874
Last Page:881
Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 4.0