Development and preliminary validation of the Emotions while Learning an Instrument Scale (ELIS)

  • Learning to play a musical instrument is associated with different, partially conflicting emotions. This paper describes the development and psychometric properties of the Emotions while Learning an Instrument Scale (ELIS). In a longitudinal study with 545 German elementary school children factorial structure and psychometric properties were evaluated. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses confirmed a two-factor solution measuring Positive musical Emotions while Learning an Instrument (PELI) and Negative Emotions while Learning an Instrument (NELI). Both subscales yielded scores with adequate internal reliability (Cronbach’s α = .74, .86) and relatively stable retest reliabilities over 18 months (r = .11 -.56). Preliminary evidence of congruent and divergent validity of the subscales is provided. Implications for future research of musical emotional experiences in children are discussed.
Author:Ingo Roden, Esther Kamala Friedrich, Sonja EtzlerGND, Emily Frankenberg, Gunter Kreutz, Stephan Bongard
Parent Title (English):PLOS ONE
Place of publication:San Francisco, California, US
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/08/27
Date of first Publication:2021/08/27
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2022/03/07
Tag:Children; Emotions; Human learning; Learning; Music cognition; Music perception; Psychological stress; Schools
Issue:8, art. e0255019
Page Number:21
First Page:1
Last Page:21
This research was supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Science (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, BMBF; FKZ: 01KJ0807). Stephan Bongard and Gunter Kreutz received the award. No - The funder did not play any role in the study design, the data collection and analyses, the decision to publish or in the preparation process of the manuscript.
Institutes:Psychologie und Sportwissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Open-Access-Publikationsfonds:Psychologie und Sportwissenschaften
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0