Probing strangeness canonical ensemble with K−, φ(1020) and Ξ− production in Au+Au collisions at √sNN = 3 GeV

M.S. Abdallah, B.E. Aboona, Jaroslav Adam, Leszek Adamczyk, Joseph R. Adams, J. Kevin Adkins, Geydar Agakishiev, I. Aggarwal, Madan Mohan Aggarwal, Zubayer Ahammed, Igor G. Alekseev, Derek M. Anderson, Alexey Aparin, Elke Caroline Aschenauer, Muhammad Usman Ashraf, Fareha Atetalla, Anjali Attri, Georgy S. Averichev, Vipul Bairathi, W. Baker, J.G. Ball Cap, Kenneth Barish, Arabinda Behera, Rene Bellwied, P. Bhagat, Anju Bhasin, Jaroslav Bielčík, Jana Bielčíková, Igor G. Bordyuzhin, James D. Brandenburg, Andrei V. Brandin, Ivan Bunzarov, Joseph Butterworth, X.Z. Cai, Helen Louise Caines, Manuel Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, Daniel A. Cebra, Irakli Chakaberia, Petr Chaloupka, B.K. Chan, F.-H. Chang, Z. Chang, N. Chankova-Bunzarova, A. Chatterjee, S. Chattopadhyay, D. Chen, J. Chen, J.H. Chen, X. Chen, Z. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Chevalier, Subikash Choudhury, William Christie, X. Chu, Henry J. Crawford, Máté Csanád, M. Daugherity, Tatiana G. Dedovič, Ingo Martin Deppner, Anatoly A. Derevschikov, A. Dhamija, L. Di Carlo, Lidia Didenko, P. Dixit, X. Dong, James Lucus Drachenberg, E. Duckworth, James C. Dunlop, Nicholas Elsey, Jon M. Engelage, Geary Wareham Eppley, ShinIchi Esumi, Olga Y. Evdokimov, A. Ewigleben, Kjeld Oleg Eyser, Renee H. Fatemi, F.M. Fawzi, Salvatore Fazio, Pavol Federič, Jan Fedorišin, C.J. Feng, Y. Feng, Peter Filip, Evan Finch, Yuri V. Fisyak, Audrey Francisco, C. Fu, Łukasz Fulek, Carl A. Gagliardi, Tetyana Galatyuk, Frank Geurts, N. Ghimire, Adam Gibson, Krishan Gopal, X. Gou, David P. Grosnick, Anik Gupta, Włodzimierz Guryn, Ayman Hamad, Ahmed M. Hamed, Y. Han, Szymon Harabasz, M.D. Harasty, John W. Harris, H. Harrison, S. He, W. He, X.H. He, Y. He, Steven Francis Heppelmann, Steven Francis Heppelmann, Norbert Herrmann, E. Hoffman, Lukáš Holub, Y. Hu, H. Huang, H.Z. Huang, Shengli Huang, T. Huang, X. Huang, Y. Huang, Thomas J. Humanic, George J. Igo, D. Isenhower, William W. Jacobs, Chitrasen Jena, Alexander Jentsch, Y. Ji, J. Jia, K. Jiang, X. Ju, Eleanor G. Judd, Sonia Kabana, M.L. Kabir, Skipper Kagamaster, Dmitry Kalinkin, K. Kang, David Kapukchyan, Kolja Kauder, Hongwei Ke, Declan Keane, Armen Kechechyan, Matthew Kelsey, Yevheniia V. Khyzhniak, Daniel P. Kikoła, C. Kim, B. Kimelman, D. Kincses, Ivan Kisel, A. Kiselev, Anders Garritt Knospe, H.S. Ko, L. M. Kočenda, Leszek Krzysztof Kosarzewski, Lukáš Kramárik, Peter Kravtsov, Lokesh Kumar, Shyam Kumar, Raghav Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, Joseph H. Kwasizur, Roy Alphanso Lacey, S. Lan, Jeffery M. Landgraf, Jerome Lauret, Alexei Lebedev, Richard Lednicky, J.H. Lee, Y.H. Leung, C. Li, C. Li, W. Li, Xiaomei Li, Y. Li, X. Liang, Y. Liang, Robert Licenik, T. Lin, Y. Lin, Michael A. Lisa, F. Liu, H. Liu, H. Liu, P. Liu, T. Liu, X. Liu, Y. Liu, Z. Liu, Tonko A. Ljubicic, William Joseph Llope, Ronald S. Longacre, E. Loyd, N.S. Lukow, X.F. Luo, L. Ma, R. Ma, Yu-Gang Ma, Niseem Magdy Abdelwahab Abdelrahman, Dukhishyam Mallick, Spyridon Margetis, Christina Markert, Howard S. Matis, Joel Anthony Mazer, Nikolai G. Minaev, Saskia Mioduszewski, Bedangadas Mohanty, Mriganka Mouli Mondal, Isaac A. Mooney, Dmitry A. Morozov, A. Mukherjee, M. Nagy, J.D. Nam, Md. Nasim, Kishora Nayak, D. Neff, John M. Nelson, Daniel B. Nemes, Maowu Nie, Grigory A. Nigmatkulov, Takafumi Niida, R. Nishitani, Larisa V. Nogach, Toshihiro Nonaka, A.S. Nunes, Grazyna Janina Odyniec, Akio Ogawa, S. Oh, Vitaly A. Okorokov, Brian S. Page, Robert Pak, Jinjin Pan, A. Pandav, Ashutosh Kumar Pandey, Yuri Panebratsev, P. Parfenov, Bogdan Pawlik, Diana Pawłowska, Hua Pei, Chris Perkins, Lawrence Pinsky, Roland Laszlo Pintér, Jan Marian Pluta, B.R. Pokhrel, G. Ponimatkin, Jeffrey Brent Porter, Matthew Posik, V. Prozorova, Navneet Kumar Pruthi, Mariusz Przybycien, Jörn H. Putschke, H. Qiu, Amilkar Quintero, C. Racz, Sooraj Krishnan Radhakrishnan, N. Raha, Robert L. Ray, Rosi Jan Reed, Hans Georg Ritter, M. Robotkova, Oleg V. Rogačevskij, Juan L. Romero, D. Roy, Lijuan Ruan, Jan Rusnak, Nihar Ranjan Sahoo, H. Sako, Sevil Salur, Jack H. Sandweiss, S. Sato, William B. Schmidke, Norbert Schmitz, Benjamin R. Schweid, Florian Seck, Janet Elizabeth Seger, Maria Sergeeva, Richard Seto, Peter Seyboth, N. Shah, Ehtiram Shahaliev, Prashanth V. Shanmuganathan, M. Shao, T. Shao, Ashik Ikbal Sheikh, D. Shen, S.S. Shi, Y. Shi, Q.Y. Shou, Ernst P. Sichtermann, Rafał Sikora, Miroslav Šimko, Jagbir Singh, Subhash Singha, M.J. Skoby, Nikolai Smirnov, Y. Söhngen, William Solyst, Paul Richard Sorensen, Harold. M. Spinka, Brijesh Kumar Srivastava, T. D. Shirvel Stanislaus, Maria Stefaniak, David J. Stewart, Michail Nikolaevič Strichanov, Blair Stringfellow, Alexandre Alarcon do Passo Suaide, Michal Šumbera, Branden Summa, X.M. Sun, X. Sun, Y. Sun, Y. Sun, Bernd Surrow, Dmitry N. Svirida, Z.W. Sweger, Paweł Szymański, Aihong Tang, Z. Tang, Arkadiy Taranenko, Terence J. Tarnowsky, James H. Thomas, Anthony Robert Timmins, David Tlusty, Takahito Todoroki, Mikhail V. Tokarev, Catherine A. Tomkiel, Stephen Trentalange, Robert E. Tribble, Prithwish Tribedy, Srikanta Kumar Tripathy, T. Truhlar, Barbara Antonina Trzeciak, Oleg D. Tsai, Z. Tu, Thomas Ullrich, David G. Underwood, Isaac Upsal, Gene Van Buren, Jan Vanek, Alexander Nikolaevich Vasiliev, Iouri Vassiliev, V. Verkest, Flemming Videbæk, Stanislav Vokal, Sergei Voloshin, F. Wang, G. Wang, J.S. Wang, P. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Z. Wang, Jason C. Webb, P.C. Weidenkaff, L. Wen, Gary D. Westfall, Howard Wieman, Scott W. Wissink, J. Wu, Y. Wu, B. Xi, Z.G. Xiao, G. Xie, W. Xie, H. Xu, N. Xu, Q.H. Xu, Y. Xu, Z. Xu, Z. Xu, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Yang, Y. Yang, Z. Ye, Z. Ye, L. Yi, K. Yip, Y. Yu, Hanna Paulina Zbroszczyk, W. Zha, C. Zhang, D. Zhang, J. Zhang, S. Zhang, S. Zhang, X.P. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z.J. Zhang, Zuman Zhang, Zuman Zhang, J. Zhao, C. Zhou, You Zhou, X. Zhu, Marian Zurek, Maksym Zyzak

  • We report the first multi-differential measurements of strange hadrons of K −, φ and − yields as well as the ratios of φ/K − and φ/− in Au+Au collisions at √sNN = 3 GeV with the STAR experiment fixed target configuration at RHIC. The φ mesons and − hyperons are measured through hadronic decay channels, φ → K + K − and Ξ− → Λπ−. Collision centrality and rapidity dependence of the transverse momentum spectra for these strange hadrons are presented. The 4π yields and ratios are compared to thermal model and hadronic transport model predictions. At this collision energy, thermal model with grand canonical ensemble (GCE) under-predicts the φ/K − and φ/− ratios while the result of canonical ensemble (CE) calculations reproduce φ/K −, with the correlation length rc ∼ 2.7 fm, and φ/−, rc ∼ 4.2 fm, for the 0-10% central collisions. Hadronic transport models including high mass resonance decays could also describe the ratios. While thermal calculations with GCE work well for strangeness production in high energy collisions, the change to CE at 3 GeV implies a rather different medium property at high baryon density.

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Author:M.S. Abdallah, B.E. Aboona, Jaroslav AdamORCiDGND, Leszek AdamczykORCiDGND, Joseph R. AdamsORCiD, J. Kevin Adkins, Geydar AgakishievGND, I. Aggarwal, Madan Mohan AggarwalGND, Zubayer AhammedORCiD, Igor G. AlekseevORCiD, Derek M. AndersonORCiD, Alexey AparinORCiD, Elke Caroline AschenauerORCiD, Muhammad Usman AshrafORCiD, Fareha Atetalla, Anjali Attri, Georgy S. AverichevGND, Vipul BairathiORCiD, W. Baker, J.G. Ball Cap, Kenneth BarishORCiD, Arabinda BeheraORCiD, Rene BellwiedGND, P. Bhagat, Anju BhasinORCiD, Jaroslav BielčíkORCiDGND, Jana BielčíkováORCiDGND, Igor G. Bordyuzhin, James D. BrandenburgORCiD, Andrei V. Brandin, Ivan Bunzarov, Joseph Butterworth, X.Z. Cai, Helen Louise CainesORCiD, Manuel Calderón de la Barca SánchezORCiD, Daniel A. CebraORCiD, Irakli ChakaberiaORCiD, Petr ChaloupkaORCiD, B.K. Chan, F.-H. Chang, Z. Chang, N. Chankova-Bunzarova, A. Chatterjee, S. Chattopadhyay, D. Chen, J. Chen, J.H. Chen, X. Chen, Z. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Chevalier, Subikash ChoudhuryORCiD, William ChristieORCiD, X. Chu, Henry J. CrawfordORCiD, Máté CsanádORCiD, M. Daugherity, Tatiana G. DedovičGND, Ingo Martin DeppnerORCiDGND, Anatoly A. Derevschikov, A. Dhamija, L. Di Carlo, Lidia Didenko, P. Dixit, X. Dong, James Lucus DrachenbergORCiD, E. Duckworth, James C. DunlopORCiD, Nicholas Elsey, Jon M. Engelage, Geary Wareham Eppley, ShinIchi EsumiORCiDGND, Olga Y. EvdokimovORCiD, A. Ewigleben, Kjeld Oleg EyserORCiD, Renee H. FatemiORCiD, F.M. Fawzi, Salvatore FazioORCiD, Pavol FederičORCiD, Jan FedorišinGND, C.J. Feng, Y. Feng, Peter FilipORCiD, Evan FinchORCiD, Yuri V. FisyakORCiD, Audrey FranciscoORCiD, C. Fu, Łukasz FulekORCiD, Carl A. Gagliardi, Tetyana GalatyukORCiDGND, Frank GeurtsORCiD, N. Ghimire, Adam GibsonORCiD, Krishan GopalORCiD, X. Gou, David P. Grosnick, Anik GuptaORCiD, Włodzimierz Guryn, Ayman HamadORCiD, Ahmed M. HamedORCiD, Y. Han, Szymon HarabaszORCiD, M.D. Harasty, John W. HarrisORCiDGND, H. Harrison, S. He, W. He, X.H. He, Y. He, Steven Francis Heppelmann, Steven Francis Heppelmann, Norbert HerrmannGND, E. Hoffman, Lukáš HolubORCiD, Y. Hu, H. Huang, H.Z. Huang, Shengli Huang, T. Huang, X. Huang, Y. Huang, Thomas J. HumanicORCiD, George J. Igo, D. Isenhower, William W. JacobsORCiD, Chitrasen JenaORCiD, Alexander JentschORCiD, Y. Ji, J. Jia, K. Jiang, X. Ju, Eleanor G. JuddORCiD, Sonia KabanaORCiD, M.L. Kabir, Skipper KagamasterORCiD, Dmitry Kalinkin, K. Kang, David KapukchyanORCiD, Kolja KauderORCiD, Hongwei KeORCiD, Declan KeaneORCiD, Armen Kechechyan, Matthew KelseyORCiD, Yevheniia V. KhyzhniakORCiD, Daniel P. KikołaORCiD, C. Kim, B. Kimelman, D. Kincses, Ivan KiselORCiD, A. Kiselev, Anders Garritt KnospeORCiD, H.S. Ko, L. M. KočendaGND, Leszek Krzysztof KosarzewskiORCiD, Lukáš Kramárik, Peter KravtsovORCiD, Lokesh KumarORCiD, Shyam Kumar, Raghav Kunnawalkam ElayavalliORCiD, Joseph H. Kwasizur, Roy Alphanso LaceyORCiD, S. Lan, Jeffery M. Landgraf, Jerome LauretORCiD, Alexei Lebedev, Richard LednickyORCiD, J.H. Lee, Y.H. Leung, C. Li, C. Li, W. Li, Xiaomei Li, Y. Li, X. Liang, Y. Liang, Robert LicenikORCiD, T. Lin, Y. Lin, Michael A. LisaORCiDGND, F. Liu, H. Liu, H. Liu, P. Liu, T. Liu, X. Liu, Y. Liu, Z. Liu, Tonko A. Ljubicic, William Joseph LlopeORCiD, Ronald S. Longacre, E. Loyd, N.S. Lukow, X.F. Luo, L. Ma, R. Ma, Yu-Gang MaORCiD, Niseem Magdy Abdelwahab AbdelrahmanORCiD, Dukhishyam MallickORCiD, Spyridon Margetis, Christina MarkertORCiDGND, Howard S. MatisORCiD, Joel Anthony Mazer, Nikolai G. Minaev, Saskia MioduszewskiORCiD, Bedangadas MohantyORCiD, Mriganka Mouli MondalORCiD, Isaac A. MooneyORCiD, Dmitry A. Morozov, A. Mukherjee, M. Nagy, J.D. Nam, Md. Nasim, Kishora NayakORCiD, D. Neff, John M. Nelson, Daniel B. Nemes, Maowu NieORCiD, Grigory A. NigmatkulovORCiD, Takafumi NiidaORCiD, R. Nishitani, Larisa V. Nogach, Toshihiro NonakaORCiD, A.S. Nunes, Grazyna Janina Odyniec, Akio Ogawa, S. Oh, Vitaly A. OkorokovORCiD, Brian S. PageORCiD, Robert Pak, Jinjin PanORCiD, A. Pandav, Ashutosh Kumar PandeyORCiD, Yuri Panebratsev, P. Parfenov, Bogdan PawlikORCiD, Diana PawłowskaORCiD, Hua PeiORCiD, Chris Perkins, Lawrence PinskyORCiD, Roland Laszlo Pintér, Jan Marian Pluta, B.R. Pokhrel, G. Ponimatkin, Jeffrey Brent Porter, Matthew Posik, V. Prozorova, Navneet Kumar PruthiORCiD, Mariusz PrzybycienORCiD, Jörn H. PutschkeGND, H. Qiu, Amilkar Quintero, C. Racz, Sooraj Krishnan Radhakrishnan, N. Raha, Robert L. RayORCiD, Rosi Jan ReedORCiD, Hans Georg Ritter, M. Robotkova, Oleg V. RogačevskijGND, Juan L. Romero, D. Roy, Lijuan Ruan, Jan RusnakORCiD, Nihar Ranjan SahooORCiD, H. Sako, Sevil SalurORCiDGND, Jack H. Sandweiss, S. Sato, William B. Schmidke, Norbert SchmitzGND, Benjamin R. Schweid, Florian SeckORCiDGND, Janet Elizabeth SegerORCiD, Maria Sergeeva, Richard SetoORCiDGND, Peter SeybothORCiDGND, N. Shah, Ehtiram Shahaliev, Prashanth V. ShanmuganathanORCiD, M. Shao, T. Shao, Ashik Ikbal SheikhORCiD, D. Shen, S.S. Shi, Y. Shi, Q.Y. Shou, Ernst P. SichtermannORCiD, Rafał SikoraORCiD, Miroslav ŠimkoORCiD, Jagbir SinghORCiD, Subhash SinghaORCiD, M.J. Skoby, Nikolai Smirnov, Y. Söhngen, William Solyst, Paul Richard SorensenORCiD, Harold. M. SpinkaORCiD, Brijesh Kumar Srivastava, T. D. Shirvel Stanislaus, Maria StefaniakORCiD, David J. Stewart, Michail Nikolaevič StrichanovORCiDGND, Blair Stringfellow, Alexandre Alarcon do Passo SuaideORCiD, Michal ŠumberaORCiD, Branden Summa, X.M. Sun, X. Sun, Y. Sun, Y. Sun, Bernd SurrowORCiDGND, Dmitry N. SviridaORCiD, Z.W. Sweger, Paweł SzymańskiORCiD, Aihong TangORCiD, Z. Tang, Arkadiy TaranenkoORCiD, Terence J. Tarnowsky, James H. ThomasORCiD, Anthony Robert Timmins, David Tlusty, Takahito TodorokiORCiD, Mikhail V. Tokarev, Catherine A. Tomkiel, Stephen TrentalangeORCiD, Robert E. Tribble, Prithwish TribedyORCiDGND, Srikanta Kumar TripathyORCiD, T. Truhlar, Barbara Antonina TrzeciakORCiD, Oleg D. Tsai, Z. Tu, Thomas UllrichORCiDGND, David G. UnderwoodORCiD, Isaac Upsal, Gene Van BurenORCiD, Jan VanekORCiD, Alexander Nikolaevich Vasiliev, Iouri VassilievORCiD, V. Verkest, Flemming Videbæk, Stanislav Vokal, Sergei VoloshinORCiDGND, F. Wang, G. Wang, J.S. Wang, P. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Z. Wang, Jason C. WebbORCiD, P.C. Weidenkaff, L. Wen, Gary D. WestfallGND, Howard Wieman, Scott W. WissinkORCiD, J. Wu, Y. Wu, B. Xi, Z.G. Xiao, G. Xie, W. Xie, H. Xu, N. Xu, Q.H. Xu, Y. Xu, Z. Xu, Z. Xu, C. Yang, Q. Yang, S. Yang, Y. Yang, Z. Ye, Z. Ye, L. Yi, K. Yip, Y. Yu, Hanna Paulina ZbroszczykORCiD, W. Zha, C. Zhang, D. Zhang, J. Zhang, S. Zhang, S. Zhang, X.P. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z.J. Zhang, Zuman Zhang, Zuman Zhang, J. Zhao, C. Zhou, You ZhouORCiD, X. Zhu, Marian Zurek, Maksym ZyzakGND
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-702258
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2022.137152
ISSN:1873-2445
ISSN:0370-2693
Parent Title (English):Physics Letters B
Publisher:Elsevier
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2022/05/06
Date of first Publication:2022/05/06
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Creating Corporation:STAR Collaboration
Release Date:2022/10/01
Volume:831.2022
Issue:137152
Page Number:8
Institutes:Physik / Physik
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 53 Physik / 530 Physik
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0