Collision energy dependence of moments of net-kaon multiplicity distributions at RHIC

Leszek Adamczyk, Joseph R. Adams, J. Kevin Adkins, Geydar Agakishiev, Madan Mohan Aggarwal, Zubayer Ahammed, N.N. Ajitanand, Igor G. Alekseev, Derek M. Anderson, Ryo Aoyama, Alexey Aparin, Dmitry A. Arkhipkin, Elke Caroline Aschenauer, Muhammad Usman Ashraf, Anjali Attri, Georgy S. Averichev, Xiaozhi Bai, Vipul Bairathi, Kenneth Barish, Arabinda Behera, Rene Bellwied, Anju Bhasin, Ashok Kumar Bhati, P. Bhattarai, Jaroslav Bielčík, Jana Bielčíková, Leslie C. Bland, Igor G. Bordyuzhin, Jonathan Bouchet, James D. Brandenburg, Andrei V. Brandin, D. Brown, Ivan Bunzarov, Joseph Butterworth, Helen Louise Caines, Manuel Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, J.M. Campbell, Daniel A. Cebra, Irakli Chakaberia, Petr Chaloupka, Z. Chang, N. Chankova-Bunzarova, A. Chatterjee, S. Chattopadhyay, J.H. Chen, X. Chen, X. Chen, J. Cheng, Michael Gerard Cherney, William Christie, Giacomo Contin, Henry J. Crawford, Supriya Das, L.C. De Silva, R.R. Debbe, Tatiana G. Dedovič, J. Deng, Anatoly A. Derevschikov, Lidia Didenko, Christopher Dilks, X. Dong, James Lucus Drachenberg, James E. Draper, Lloyd Edward Dunkelberger, James C. Dunlop, Leonid G. Efimov, Nicholas Elsey, Jon M. Engelage, Geary Wareham Eppley, Roli Esha, ShinIchi Esumi, Olga Y. Evdokimov, Justin Ewigleben, Kjeld Oleg Eyser, Renee H. Fatemi, Salvatore Fazio, Pavol Federič, P. Federicova, Jan Fedorišin, Z. Feng, Peter Filip, Evan Finch, Yuri V. Fisyak, C.E. Flores, J. Fujita, Łukasz Fulek, Carl A. Gagliardi, David Garand, Frank Geurts, Adam Gibson, M. Girard, David P. Grosnick, D.S. Gunarathne, Y. Guo, S. Gupta, Anik Gupta, Włodzimierz Guryn, Ayman Hamad, Ahmed M. Hamed, Alena Harlenderova, John W. Harris, L. He, Steven Francis Heppelmann, Steven Francis Heppelmann, Andrew S. Hirsch, Gerald W. Hoffmann, S. Horvat, X. Huang, H.Z. Huang, T. Huang, B. Huang, Thomas J. Humanic, P. Huo, George J. Igo, William W. Jacobs, Alexander Jentsch, J. Jia, K. Jiang, S. Jowzaee, Eleanor G. Judd, Sonia Kabana, Dmitry Kalinkin, K. Kang, David Kapukchyan, Kolja Kauder, Hongwei Ke, Declan Keane, Armen Kechechyan, Z. Khan, Daniel P. Kikoła, C. Kim, Ivan Kisel, Adam Ryszard Kisiel, L. M. Kočenda, M. Kocmanek, Thorsten Kollegger, Leszek Krzysztof Kosarzewski, A.F. Kraishan, L. Krauth, Peter Kravtsov, Keith William Krueger, Nalinda Kulathunga, Lokesh Kumar, Jakub Kvapil, Joseph H. Kwasizur, Roy Alphanso Lacey, Jeffery M. Landgraf, K.D. Landry, Jerome Lauret, Alexei Lebedev, Richard Lednicky, J.H. Lee, C. Li, W. Li, Y. Li, Xiaomei Li, J. Lidrych, T. Lin, Michael A. Lisa, P. Liu, F. Liu, H. Liu, Y. Liu, Tonko A. Ljubicic, William Joseph Llope, Michael Lomnitz, Ronald S. Longacre, X. Luo, S. Luo, G.L. Ma, L. Ma, Yu-Gang Ma, R. Ma, Niseem Magdy Abdelwahab Abdelrahman, Richard Daniel Majka, Dukhishyam Mallick, Spyridon Margetis, Christina Markert, Howard S. Matis, Kathryn Meehan, Jincheng Mei, Z.W. Miller, Nikolai G. Minaev, Saskia Mioduszewski, Debadeepti Mishra, S. Mizuno, Bedangadas Mohanty, Mriganka Mouli Mondal, Dmitry A. Morozov, M.K. Mustafa, Md. Nasim, Tapan Kumar Nayak, John M. Nelson, Maowu Nie, Grigory A. Nigmatkulov, Takafumi Niida, Larisa V. Nogach, Toshihiro Nonaka, Sandibek B. Nurušev, Grazyna Janina Odyniec, Akio Ogawa, Kunsu Oh, Vitaly A. Okorokov, D. Olvitt, Brian S. Page, Robert Pak, Y. Pandit, Yuri Panebratsev, Bogdan Pawlik, Hua Pei, Chris Perkins, P. Pile, Jan Marian Pluta, K. Poniatowska, Jeffrey Brent Porter, Matthew Posik, Navneet Kumar Pruthi, Mariusz Przybycien, Jörn H. Putschke, H. Qiu, Amilkar Quintero, Suvarna Ramachandran, Robert L. Ray, Rosi Jan Reed, M.J. Rehbein, Hans Georg Ritter, Jabus B. Roberts, Oleg V. Rogačevskij, Juan L. Romero, J.D. Roth, Lijuan Ruan, Jan Rusnak, Olga Rusnakova, Nihar Ranjan Sahoo, Pradip Kumar Sahu, Sevil Salur, Jack H. Sandweiss, Amal Sarkar, M. Saur, Joachim Schambach, Alexander Schmah, William B. Schmidke, Norbert Schmitz, Benjamin R. Schweid, Janet Elizabeth Seger, Maria Sergeeva, Richard Seto, Peter Seyboth, N. Shah, Ehtiram Shahaliev, Prashanth V. Shanmuganathan, M. Shao, M.K. Sharma, A. Sharma, W.Q. Shen, Z. Shi, S.S. Shi, Q.Y. Shou, Ernst P. Sichtermann, Rafał Sikora, Miroslav Šimko, Subhash Singha, M.J. Skoby, Dmitri V. Smirnov, Nikolai Smirnov, William Solyst, L. Song, Paul Richard Sorensen, Harold. M. Spinka, Brijesh Kumar Srivastava, T. D. Shirvel Stanislaus, Michail Nikolaevič Strichanov, Blair Stringfellow, Tetsuro Sugiura, Michal Šumbera, Branden Summa, X.M. Sun, Y. Sun, X. Sun, Bernd Surrow, Dmitry N. Svirida, Aihong Tang, Z. Tang, Arkadiy Taranenko, Terence J. Tarnowsky, Abdel Nasser Tawfik, Jochen Thäder, James H. Thomas, Anthony Robert Timmins, David Tlusty, Takahito Todoroki, Mikhail V. Tokarev, Stephen Trentalange, Robert E. Tribble, Prithwish Tribedy, Srikanta Kumar Tripathy, Barbara Antonina Trzeciak, Oleg D. Tsai, Thomas Ullrich, David G. Underwood, Isaac Upsal, Gene Van Buren, Gerrit J. van Nieuwenhuizen, Alexander Nikolaevich Vasiliev, Flemming Videbæk, Stanislav Vokal, Sergei Voloshin, A. Vossen, F. Wang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, Jason C. Webb, Grant Webb, L. Wen, Gary D. Westfall, Howard Wieman, Scott W. Wissink, Richard Witt, Y. Wu, Z.G. Xiao, G. Xie, W. Xie, Z. Xu, N. Xu, Y.F. Xu, Q.H. Xu, J. Xu, Q. Yang, C. Yang, S. Yang, Y. Yang, Z. Ye, Z. Ye, L. Yi, K. Yip, In-Kwon Yoo, N. Yu, Hanna Paulina Zbroszczyk, W. Zha, X.P. Zhang, S. Zhang, J.B. Zhang, J. Zhang, Zuman Zhang, S. Zhang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, J. Zhao, C. Zhong, L. Zhou, C. Zhou, Z. Zhu, X. Zhu, Maksym Zyzak

  • Fluctuations of conserved quantities such as baryon number, charge, and strangeness are sensitive to the correlation length of the hot and dense matter created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions and can be used to search for the QCD critical point. We report the first measurements of the moments of net-kaon multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions at √sNN = 7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4, and 200 GeV. The collision centrality and energy dependence of the mean (M), variance (σ 2), skewness (S), and kurtosis (κ) for net-kaon multiplicity distributions as well as the ratio σ 2/M and the products Sσ and κσ 2 are presented. Comparisons are made with Poisson and negative binomial baseline calculations as well as with UrQMD, a transport model (UrQMD) that does not include effects from the QCD critical point. Within current uncertainties, the net-kaon cumulant ratios appear to be monotonic as a function of collision energy.

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Author:Leszek AdamczykORCiDGND, Joseph R. AdamsORCiD, J. Kevin Adkins, Geydar AgakishievGND, Madan Mohan AggarwalGND, Zubayer AhammedORCiD, N.N. Ajitanand, Igor G. AlekseevORCiD, Derek M. AndersonORCiD, Ryo Aoyama, Alexey AparinORCiD, Dmitry A. ArkhipkinORCiDGND, Elke Caroline AschenauerORCiD, Muhammad Usman AshrafORCiD, Anjali Attri, Georgy S. AverichevGND, Xiaozhi Bai, Vipul BairathiORCiD, Kenneth BarishORCiD, Arabinda BeheraORCiD, Rene BellwiedGND, Anju BhasinORCiD, Ashok Kumar Bhati, P. Bhattarai, Jaroslav BielčíkORCiDGND, Jana BielčíkováORCiDGND, Leslie C. BlandORCiD, Igor G. Bordyuzhin, Jonathan Bouchet, James D. BrandenburgORCiD, Andrei V. Brandin, D. Brown, Ivan Bunzarov, Joseph Butterworth, Helen Louise CainesORCiD, Manuel Calderón de la Barca SánchezORCiD, J.M. Campbell, Daniel A. CebraORCiD, Irakli ChakaberiaORCiD, Petr ChaloupkaORCiD, Z. Chang, N. Chankova-Bunzarova, A. Chatterjee, S. Chattopadhyay, J.H. Chen, X. Chen, X. Chen, J. Cheng, Michael Gerard Cherney, William ChristieORCiD, Giacomo Contin, Henry J. CrawfordORCiD, Supriya DasORCiDGND, L.C. De Silva, R.R. Debbe, Tatiana G. DedovičGND, J. Deng, Anatoly A. Derevschikov, Lidia Didenko, Christopher DilksORCiD, X. Dong, James Lucus DrachenbergORCiD, James E. Draper, Lloyd Edward Dunkelberger, James C. DunlopORCiD, Leonid G. Efimov, Nicholas Elsey, Jon M. Engelage, Geary Wareham Eppley, Roli EshaORCiD, ShinIchi EsumiORCiDGND, Olga Y. EvdokimovORCiD, Justin Ewigleben, Kjeld Oleg EyserORCiD, Renee H. FatemiORCiD, Salvatore FazioORCiD, Pavol FederičORCiD, P. Federicova, Jan FedorišinGND, Z. Feng, Peter FilipORCiD, Evan FinchORCiD, Yuri V. FisyakORCiD, C.E. Flores, J. Fujita, Łukasz FulekORCiD, Carl A. Gagliardi, David Garand, Frank GeurtsORCiD, Adam GibsonORCiD, M. Girard, David P. Grosnick, D.S. Gunarathne, Y. Guo, S. Gupta, Anik GuptaORCiD, Włodzimierz Guryn, Ayman HamadORCiD, Ahmed M. HamedORCiD, Alena HarlenderovaGND, John W. HarrisORCiDGND, L. He, Steven Francis Heppelmann, Steven Francis Heppelmann, Andrew S. HirschORCiDGND, Gerald W. Hoffmann, S. Horvat, X. Huang, H.Z. Huang, T. Huang, B. Huang, Thomas J. HumanicORCiD, P. Huo, George J. Igo, William W. JacobsORCiD, Alexander JentschORCiD, J. Jia, K. Jiang, S. Jowzaee, Eleanor G. JuddORCiD, Sonia KabanaORCiD, Dmitry Kalinkin, K. Kang, David KapukchyanORCiD, Kolja KauderORCiD, Hongwei KeORCiD, Declan KeaneORCiD, Armen Kechechyan, Z. Khan, Daniel P. KikołaORCiD, C. Kim, Ivan KiselORCiD, Adam Ryszard KisielORCiD, L. M. KočendaGND, M. Kocmanek, Thorsten KolleggerORCiDGND, Leszek Krzysztof KosarzewskiORCiD, A.F. Kraishan, L. Krauth, Peter KravtsovORCiD, Keith William Krueger, Nalinda KulathungaORCiD, Lokesh KumarORCiD, Jakub KvapilORCiD, Joseph H. Kwasizur, Roy Alphanso LaceyORCiD, Jeffery M. Landgraf, K.D. Landry, Jerome LauretORCiD, Alexei Lebedev, Richard LednickyORCiD, J.H. Lee, C. Li, W. Li, Y. Li, Xiaomei Li, J. Lidrych, T. Lin, Michael A. LisaORCiDGND, P. Liu, F. Liu, H. Liu, Y. Liu, Tonko A. Ljubicic, William Joseph LlopeORCiD, Michael Lomnitz, Ronald S. Longacre, X. Luo, S. Luo, G.L. Ma, L. Ma, Yu-Gang MaORCiD, R. Ma, Niseem Magdy Abdelwahab AbdelrahmanORCiD, Richard Daniel MajkaORCiD, Dukhishyam MallickORCiD, Spyridon Margetis, Christina MarkertORCiDGND, Howard S. MatisORCiD, Kathryn Meehan, Jincheng Mei, Z.W. Miller, Nikolai G. Minaev, Saskia MioduszewskiORCiD, Debadeepti MishraORCiD, S. Mizuno, Bedangadas MohantyORCiD, Mriganka Mouli MondalORCiD, Dmitry A. Morozov, M.K. Mustafa, Md. Nasim, Tapan Kumar NayakORCiD, John M. Nelson, Maowu NieORCiD, Grigory A. NigmatkulovORCiD, Takafumi NiidaORCiD, Larisa V. Nogach, Toshihiro NonakaORCiD, Sandibek B. NuruševGND, Grazyna Janina Odyniec, Akio Ogawa, Kunsu OhORCiD, Vitaly A. OkorokovORCiD, D. Olvitt, Brian S. PageORCiD, Robert Pak, Y. Pandit, Yuri Panebratsev, Bogdan PawlikORCiD, Hua PeiORCiD, Chris Perkins, P. Pile, Jan Marian Pluta, K. Poniatowska, Jeffrey Brent Porter, Matthew Posik, Navneet Kumar PruthiORCiD, Mariusz PrzybycienORCiD, Jörn H. PutschkeGND, H. Qiu, Amilkar Quintero, Suvarna RamachandranORCiD, Robert L. RayORCiD, Rosi Jan ReedORCiD, M.J. Rehbein, Hans Georg Ritter, Jabus B. Roberts, Oleg V. RogačevskijGND, Juan L. Romero, J.D. Roth, Lijuan Ruan, Jan RusnakORCiD, Olga Rusnakova, Nihar Ranjan SahooORCiD, Pradip Kumar SahuORCiD, Sevil SalurORCiDGND, Jack H. Sandweiss, Amal SarkarORCiD, M. Saur, Joachim SchambachORCiD, Alexander SchmahORCiDGND, William B. Schmidke, Norbert SchmitzGND, Benjamin R. Schweid, Janet Elizabeth SegerORCiD, Maria Sergeeva, Richard SetoORCiDGND, Peter SeybothORCiDGND, N. Shah, Ehtiram Shahaliev, Prashanth V. ShanmuganathanORCiD, M. Shao, M.K. Sharma, A. Sharma, W.Q. Shen, Z. Shi, S.S. Shi, Q.Y. Shou, Ernst P. SichtermannORCiD, Rafał SikoraORCiD, Miroslav ŠimkoORCiD, Subhash SinghaORCiD, M.J. Skoby, Dmitri V. SmirnovORCiD, Nikolai Smirnov, William Solyst, L. Song, Paul Richard SorensenORCiD, Harold. M. SpinkaORCiD, Brijesh Kumar Srivastava, T. D. Shirvel Stanislaus, Michail Nikolaevič StrichanovORCiDGND, Blair Stringfellow, Tetsuro Sugiura, Michal ŠumberaORCiD, Branden Summa, X.M. Sun, Y. Sun, X. Sun, Bernd SurrowORCiDGND, Dmitry N. SviridaORCiD, Aihong TangORCiD, Z. Tang, Arkadiy TaranenkoORCiD, Terence J. Tarnowsky, Abdel Nasser TawfikORCiD, Jochen ThäderORCiDGND, James H. ThomasORCiD, Anthony Robert Timmins, David Tlusty, Takahito TodorokiORCiD, Mikhail V. Tokarev, Stephen TrentalangeORCiD, Robert E. Tribble, Prithwish TribedyORCiDGND, Srikanta Kumar TripathyORCiD, Barbara Antonina TrzeciakORCiD, Oleg D. Tsai, Thomas UllrichORCiDGND, David G. UnderwoodORCiD, Isaac Upsal, Gene Van BurenORCiD, Gerrit J. van Nieuwenhuizen, Alexander Nikolaevich Vasiliev, Flemming Videbæk, Stanislav Vokal, Sergei VoloshinORCiDGND, A. Vossen, F. Wang, Y. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, Jason C. WebbORCiD, Grant Webb, L. Wen, Gary D. WestfallGND, Howard Wieman, Scott W. WissinkORCiD, Richard WittORCiD, Y. Wu, Z.G. Xiao, G. Xie, W. Xie, Z. Xu, N. Xu, Y.F. Xu, Q.H. Xu, J. Xu, Q. Yang, C. Yang, S. Yang, Y. Yang, Z. Ye, Z. Ye, L. Yi, K. Yip, In-Kwon YooORCiDGND, N. Yu, Hanna Paulina ZbroszczykORCiD, W. Zha, X.P. Zhang, S. Zhang, J.B. Zhang, J. Zhang, Zuman Zhang, S. Zhang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, J. Zhao, C. Zhong, L. Zhou, C. Zhou, Z. Zhu, X. Zhu, Maksym ZyzakGND
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-700366
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2018.07.066
ISSN:0370-2693
ISSN:1873-2445
Parent Title (English):Physics Letters B
Publisher:Elsevier
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2018/10/10
Date of first Publication:2018/10/10
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Creating Corporation:STAR Collaboration
Release Date:2022/09/26
Volume:785.2018
Page Number:10
First Page:551
Last Page:560
Institutes:Physik / Physik
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0